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Ukrainian Karbowaniec (ukr. ruble) - monetary unit of Ukraine in the years 1918-1920, 1942-1944 and 1992-1996. In view of the economic reforms in 1996 year, has been replaced by - Ukrainian grivna (UAH). Ukrainian Karbowaniec has: ISO code 4217: UAK and was issued by the National Bank of Ukraine. Part of that was produced in France in the early 90. Twentieth century, and by the National Mint of Ukraine. Ukrainian hryvnia would be introduced even in 1992 year. Was delayed with the introduction of the printed and embossed already 1992 year and stored hryvnia and kopijek, due to economic instability in Ukraine and increasing hyperinflation.
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The first time the name "karbowaniec" applied to the Russian ruble in the reign of Tsar. It was a Ukrainian name (version name) "Russian ruble / carskiego”. Similarly, a name applied to karbowaniec Soviet ruble.
Ukrainian Karbowaniec (ukr. ruble) performed in:
1. The Ukrainian People's Republic (1918-1920);
While the existence of the first Ukrainian republic (Ukrainian People's Republic of), piewszy time in the history of Ukraine, introduced / issued an independent currency - karbowańce. Karbowaniec divided into 100 kopijek and was in circulation to 1920 year.
2. Police Station Of Ukraine (1942-1944);
During the German occupation during World War II, Reich Commissariat Ukraine in (Reichskommissariat Ukraine, 1941-1945), in years 1942-1944 produced and broadcast notes called "karbowanez", which was the phonetic transfer of Ukrainian names in German. It emits the Central Issuing Bank of Ukraine (Zentralnotenbank Ukraine) in the capital of the Reich Commissariat Ukraine, which was in Rivne Volhynia. Then the notes were in circulation by denomination: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500. They were interchangeable with respect to reichsmarki: 1 Reichsmark to 10 karbowańców.
3. In the Soviet Union in the form of billet "kupona" (during the late Soviet);
During the late Soviet, during severe economic problems in the "declining red empire" - were in circulation: coupons in denominations of 50 karbowańców, which had to be cut with scissors from a large blabkietu / Cards. In order to pay for products and services.
4. Ukraine (1992-1996).
After the collapse of the USSR, in 1992 year, New banknotes were produced in France, on request of the National Bank of Ukraine and have ISO code 4217: UAK. Karbowańce issued in Independent Ukraine (UAK), wyspępowały years 1992-1996 in denominations: 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1 000, 2 000, 5 000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000, 100 000, 200 000, 500 000, 1 000 000 i don't have the coins / bilonu (kopijek). The first banknotes in denominations of 1 until 100, which were produced in France had no security and watermarks. Do not even have the serial number and quickly underwent mechanical damage. Notes made in subsequent years, already had the serial numbers and were more resistant to destruction.
Finally, in 1996 karbowańce years have been converted by the Ukrainian hryvnia. Currently, they are rarely seen, because they were removed from circulation and destroyed. Often they can be found in private collections, humans kolekcjonujących banknotes and coins. Some people keep them as a memento of the past, unstable and the transition past the Ukrainian State.
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