TURKA : CAPITAL OF BOIKIVSKA LAND
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Informally, Turka is the capital and heart of the Boykivska Land - Boykivshchyny. This small county town on the river Stryy, located among the scenic mountains near the national and landscape parks, is the target of numerous excursion of youth on the nature. An interesting fact is held here every five years - Festival of Boykivska Culture. Turka is a picturesque town, ethnographic area, that is worth visiting while travelling through Ukrainian Carpathians ! We encourage you to travel !!!
If you are looking for something similar, check RELATED ENTRIES at the end of this article.
Turka (ukr. Турка) , was formerly called "Turka on Stryy” (49° 09′ 14 ” N, 23° 01′ 53” E). Informally, Turka is the capital and heart of the Boykivska Land - Boykivshchyny!
Etymologically the name "Turka", has nothing to do with the "Turks". The name derives from "Arochs" (ukr. Tур), wild bulls / bawołów, who lived in nearby forests ! As we know from Boykos were famous of breeding bulls, race which truly cherished and cultivated !
Turka is a small county town, located in the Carpathian Mountains on the river's Stryy, is the most important unit of administration in this sparsely populated area of Lviv region. Pass this way an important transport routes: rail and road, which, through the Uzhocka Pass unites Galicia with Transcarpathia !
Nestled among picturesque mountains near national parks (NP Uzhansky, NP Beskydy Skolivski ) and landscape (LP Nadsanski, LP Upper Dniester), is the target of numerous excursion of youth on the nature (mountains, rivers, forests, lake (hydropower station)).
The city's history dates back to the ninth century, to the days when Turka was a small settlement, in which the garrison was to protect the Ruth trade route passing through the Carpathians ! In the literature, the first time in documents Turka cautioned in the fourteenth century, when Lev Halycky joined the lands of the Transcarpathian to Ruth Galicia-Vladimir. The town had many owners, For centuries they have often changed, as evidenced by different types of documents, which were held by royal families, priests and monks. In the eighteenth century to the Turka arrived the first few Jewish families, which began their influx in the next years ! About the size of the Jewish community the size of synagogue the Jewish cemetery in Turka provide approximation, which are now in ruins.
What to see in Turka ? What to visit ? Where to be ?
- Municipal Market of the eighteenth century
- Jewish synagogue in the nineteenth century;
- Jewish cemetery in the nineteenth century;
- The Church under the assumption of St. Mary's Church from the 18th century;
- The wooden church dedicated to St.. Nicholas of 1776 year;
- The wooden church dedicated to Saint Relics Transfers. Nicholas 1739 year;
- Church of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary from 1750 year;
- Ethnographic Museum "Boykivshchyna";
- Museum Of Boykivska Book.
Every five years in Turka is "Festyn / Boykivska Culture Festival " ! Officially it's name is "Всесвітні бойківські фестини" – or "Global boyko festival" ! From 1992 year, every five years (1992, 1997, 2002, 2007) take place on Turka meadows these amazing celebrations.
Invented name of festivals:
- 1992 – Міжнародне бойківське свято (International Boyky holiday) “З чистих джерел (From clean sources)”;
- 1997 – II Всесвітні бойківські фестини (II Boiko Festyns Worldwide);
- 2002 – III Всесвітні бойківські фестини;
- 2007 – IV Всесвітні бойківські фестини.
In those days (2-3 days) respecting their culture Boykos, come to Turka, to celebrate their distinct "Boyko" culture ! The festival involves people of different ages, young and old, wealthy and the poor ... the most important is the shared fun !
There on the stage of amateur and professional collectives, that are dressed up to their national cloth. Play, sing, dance boyko motives and organize various types of games ! The next festival will take place in summer 2012 year !!! You should then come and enjoy !
Transport and transport links:
The town lies on a major transport route, which was created during the reign of the Austro-Hungarian. Military, a strategic railway route, combined capital of Galicia - Lviv, with Budapest and Vienna ! The railway runs a winding trail through overpasses, tunnels and bridges. For lovers of the rail trail trip transportation, will be an unforgettable fun !!!
Turka has a very good railway connection with Lviv, Kiev, Uzhgorod and Sambor. Through these places there is a very good connection with other towns of the region, country and Europe !
Transit trains, which cross Turka:
№ 601/602(601Л) – „Lviv – Solotvyno * ”;
№ 601/602(601Ш) – „Solotvyno * – Lviv”.
№ 529(529) – "Kiev - Uzhorod PLUS (wagons) Lviv - Solotvyno * ”.
Passenger (to Turka Suburban Lviv Railway):
№ 6013 — 6014 – „Lviv — Syanki ** ” (departure from Lviv - 6:41);
№ 6021 — 6022 – „Lviv — Syanki ** ” (departure from Lviv - 9:30);
№ 6023 — 6024 – „Lviv — Syanki ** / Syanki ** – Sambor " (departure from Lviv - 11:16);
№ 6025 — 6026 – „Lviv — Syanki ** ” (departure from Lviv - 18:05);
№ 6027 — 6028 – „Lviv — Syanki ** ” (departure from Lviv - 20:45).
* Solotvyno, in the Tyachiv region (ukr. Солотвино (47° 57 '20 "N, 23° 52 '16 "E)).
** Syanki, in the Turka region (ukr. Сянки (49° 1 '30 "N, 22° 54 '0 "E)).
In addition to rail, efficiently functioning road transport. Auto-buses and buses regularly go there from various towns of the region:
- Turka - Drohobycz - Turka;
- Turka - Boryslav - Turka;
- Turka - Sambor - Turka;
- Turka - Lviv - Turka;
- Turka - Uzhorod - Turka.
The road through Turka is the shortest route connecting Poland with Ukrainian Transcarpathia ! You can travel to Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, by crossing the border crossing points in the Zakarpatia region !
It is worth checking whether scheduled changes in schedules.
Turka is a picturesque town, Capital of Boykos Land, ethnographic area, that is worth visiting while travelling through Ukrainian Carpathians ! We encourage you to travel and look forward to your comments and suggestions !
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