BALNEOLOGICZNY RESORT TRUSKAVETS
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Balneological resort Truskiewiec - A unique resort situated on the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains in the valley of the Ukrainian Worotyszcze. Owes its fame to the occurrence of highly mineralized water. In the period between major Polish resort Balneological, often compared to Krynica. In socialist times one of the major resorts of the USSR. Often compared to such resorts as the Soviet: Soczi, Sukhumi, Batumi, Kisłowodsk and Yalta.
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Truskavets / Трускавець, is balneological resort of international importance. It is located in the foothills of Lviv Oblast of the Ukrainian Carpathians in the river valley Worotyszcze (pool of the river Dniester) at a height 400 mnpm. Owes its fame to the occurrence of highly mineralized water, among which the most precious is "Naftusia" / "Нафтуся" (from the Ukrainian word diesel - Petroleum). It is a sulphide hydrogen alkaline-earthy Szczawa.
The curative properties of mineral waters have been known Truskawiec long. As first described by the royal physician in Wojciech Wink 1578 year. Then Gabriel Żączyński, author of the textbook published in 1712 under the title "Natural History", wrote, that during this period in Truskawiec surrounding mined oil Drohobych, and water, which it was accompanied by local peasants drank for the treatment of many diseases. Officially Balneological Truskavets function given in 1827 year, when after a series of test drilling to find oil reserves, Geologists have discovered a few more sources of water.
Water from each source was different chemical composition and lent itself to treatment of various diseases. During the reign of the Habsburgs really cared about the dynamic development of the resort and a lot invested. Among other things, was built here the water pump-, pensions and the park was created spa.
In the interwar period was an important Truskavets, Balneological kurortem Polski, common comparator in Krynica. Rested here, inter alia, Jozef Pilsudski and the presidents of the Second Republic. At Pomiarkach resort built around a large swimming pool, arranged around the tennis courts and sports squares. The banks of the lake was covered with golden, sea sand. Rapidly growing popularity of the resort. In 1923 years wypoczywało here 6 080 people. Over the next four years that number doubled, and 1927 year reported 12 633 people. Season 1933 year marked the largest number of visitors – 17 000 people.
Second World War brought great destruction in Truskavets and fall. Beautiful houses and villas converted into military hospitals, from the front lines where wounded soldiers were brought. The city began to function as a military recovery center. Natural History Museum also suffered, collections which were sent to the Soviet Union.
After World War II-resort town came under the administration of the Ministry of Health of the USSR. The Soviet authorities ordered the rebuilding and reconstruction of the city, nationalization of the entire property and construction of new multi-storey complexes sanatoriums. Built two water pump-around resort park. In socialist times Truskavets was one of the most important resorts of the USSR balneological. He was often compared to the resorts: Soczi, Sukhumi, Batumi, Kisłowodsk, Yalta and other. Wypoczywały here every year hundreds of thousands of visitors from around the bloc.
From 24 August 1991 year, Truskavets is located within independent Ukraine and operates within a market economy. As of 2009 years to function within it 19 sanatoria and 20 B, that may take time to 15 thousand bathers. According to information posted on the official website of the City Truskavets, number of accommodation facilities increased intensively in connection with investment in hotel infrastructure to foreign investors. An example can be build in 2008 five-star Hotel Rixos years. An additional opportunity for the development Truskawiec became the city's choosing in place of training and accommodation for soccer, which will take part in matches held in Lviv in the UEFA European Football Championship 2012.
Interesting is the fact, that 1 January 2000 Truskavets year was brought to life – Special economic zone "Kurortopolis Truskavets" / "Kurortopolis Truskavets". It was established on 20 years in the city limits. It is the only such zone in Ukraine. The priorities of the operation of this zone, are:
- encourage investment and innovation activities;
- enhancing the quality of sanatorium-kurortowego treatment;
- tourism development and accelerate reform of the resort;
- concentration of material and financial wealth;
- liquidation of ecological problems.
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