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LVIV-VOLYN COAL BASIN

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Lvov-Volyn Coal Basin - extraction of energy resources in this area was in the beginning of the twentieth century needed for economic development. Basin has a surface of about 6 k. km ², and mining works are carried out at a depth of 300-650 m. Stocks of coal are estimated at 970 million. tons, what is 1% Ukraine's coal stocks. Lvov Volyn Coal Basin ico

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CATEGORY OF ARTICLE: Articles, Geography January 10, 2011, 23:13

Lvov-Volyn Coal Basin, It is located in the periphery of the Lviv and Volyn in Ukraine. Its extension in a westerly direction is Lubelskie coal basin in Lublin Voivodeship. Together cover an area of ​​about 10 k. km ², by creating a single area of węglonośny.

On the Ukrainian side basin area is 6 k. km ². Mining works are carried out at a depth of 300-650 m., and stocks are estimated at 970 million. tons, which is only 1% Ukraine's coal stocks.

Extraction of energy resources in this area was in the beginning of the twentieth century, necessary for economic development. Therefore, during the Second Republic, here were carried out drilling tests to locate energy. Then, the outbreak of World War II prevented further exploration of the area in connection with ongoing hostilities and niejednokrotnym passing through the area the front line.

After the war and the signing of the 1951 year of the Agreement between the Republic and the Union of Polish Soviet Socialist Republics to replace sections of the state territories, part of the basin (Ambient Sokal) came under the administration of the USSR. Ministry of Coal Industry of the USSR, resuming research commissioned and start extracting, which led to "revitalize" the industry, construction of fifteen mines, two plants, and the creation of a number of mining town. Such villages to this day are the cities: Nowowołyńsk, Czerwonograd in Szachtarsk.

Currently, mining of coal in this basin has large perspectives. It is associated with small stocks of coal, high sulphation, and reducing the energy intensity of industry. It is estimated, that in the near future will be open only two of the fifteen mines, What effect will the crisis and unemployment.

The structure of industry and mining on both sides of the border between the Polish, and Ukraine, is very close. It can present as a type of "mirror", which indicates the homogeneity of the area in terms of geological. You can cite a few examples. Among others present here analogous energy resources: coal (Lvov-Volyn and Lublin Coal Basin), petroleum, natural gas (Western and Eastern Subcarpathia), peat (Szacki lake areas and Łęczyńsko-Włodawskie). A similar situation applies to raw materials used in construction: clay (brick industry), chalk, wapień (cement industry), rock materials (numerous quarries).



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